Which benefits can virtual museums bring to education ?
According to the 2018 PISA results, there is an overall persistent underachievement in mathematics and science among European secondary school students. Even though performances in mathematics remained stable, performances in science deteriorated further. Therefore, there is a need for innovation in the way mathematics and science are taught in secondary schools across Europe.
It seems that one of the reasons why this underachievement persists is because students perceive mathematics and science as something that is often difficult, abstract, and disconnected from real life. These negative perceptions of STEM discourage students from pursuing careers in these fields, especially students with learning disorders that already struggle with difficulties in school. For this reason, it is crucial to foster engagement and create opportunities to render STEM more interactive to encourage motivation and interest, but also to make STEM more concrete and accessible for students in general.
In this context the project Virtual Museum of STEM has been created, in order to provide students at the secondary level an immersive experience that is also engaging and motivating. The museum is accessible from any browser and any computer with access to the internet. It targets secondary school educators and students, and it comes with supporting material for teachers to provide guidance on how to use it as a pedagogical tool in STEM programs.
The virtual museum itself is being conceived to be accessible to all, from a technical and pedagogical standpoint, being user-friendly, intuitive, and well structured. It will be a fictional 3-dimensional construct borrowing its architecture from video games or virtual reality. The museum will be divided in four categories: the Science Exhibition, the Exhibition of Technological Advancements, the Contemporary Engineering Collections, and the Exhibition of Hidden Mathematics. Each part of the museum will contain 20 or 10 collections. The collections will be in 3D and 2D, some of them being animated while other static. Each collection will have a main element and additional elements in different formats: images, videos and text.
Virtual museums allow users to visit and explore at their own pace, having the opportunity to look up for extra information as needed without the time pressure, which differs from a field trip where there is a program and a schedule to follow. This is an important advantage for students with specific learning disorders that often need more time than their peers in learning activities. Students have more control over their learning process and how they explore the material, being able to interact longer with some parts of the museum that interest them more.
Virtual environments offer an enjoyable learning experience serving as a tool for learning through entertainment. If explored correctly, it can offer an interdisciplinary educational resource that helps strengthen the construction of knowledge and improve the perception of certain subjects such as mathematics and science. Mixing virtual and physical educational resources might be the best solution to support each other’s shortcomings. While individually it is more complicated to tackle their weaknesses, creating a mixed reality (MR) approach together can be a successful teaching method. In a MR approach, virtual environments and analogue physical teaching are complementary because one cannot replace the other nowadays.
The main goal is to take advantage of technology to support new pedagogies creating synchronism between formal and non-formal education methods in order to support each other, while improving the perception of STEM in secondary schools in Europe.
The VM STEM project will last 24 months, from April 2021 to March 2023. Stay tuned for more!
Accessibility tools for images, text and presentation offering a narrative and visual experience of works of art for low or unskilled learners and those with specific needs.
Enables learners to be the creators of their own exhibition using digital tools as part of a relevant and innovative non-formal approach to learning
Provide teachers with digital learning opportunities on how to use digital training resources to create educational scenarios
Discover languages and cultures by creating exhibitions with local and immigrant students